Patrick and Louis-Etienne, in collaboration with Mike Wotton and Dave Martell at the University of Toronto, and Rich Fleming at the CFS in Sault Ste. Marie have finally published our paper on how historical spruce budworm defoliation affects the risk of fire ignition. And the result? Defoliation can both increase and decrease ignition risk, depending on seasonal timing, time since defoliation, and ecoregion. You can check it out here.